- 09 Sep 2019
- 15 min read
DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ( 09-SEPTEMBER-2019)
- The Union Minister for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) laid the foundation stone of NERAMAC marketing complex in Guwahati, Assam. The marketing complex will be a destination to showcase the products of the North-Eastern region.
- The NERAMAC Limited was incorporated in the year 1982.
- Its registered office is located at Guwahati.
- It is a Government of India Enterprise operating under the administrative control of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER).
- NERAMAC is a pioneer marketing organization in the field of Agri-Horti sector of the North-eastern region, involved in supporting farmers right from the fields and upto the markets to the end consumers through registered FPO/FPCs.
- According to a recent study on trafficking in West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, one-third of the persons accused in trafficking are women.
- The study was conducted by Snigdha Sen, a researcher, on the profile of persons accused in trafficking in 198 human trafficking cases registered between 2008 and 2018 in West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
Key Findings of the study:
- One-third or 162 out of 429 traffickers (accused in cases of trafficking) are female.
- 50% accused in these cases are from the age group of 25 to 45 years.
- It is believed that in many cases family members are involved in trafficking. That does not hold true in this research. Of the 429 traffickers, only in 30 were the accused family members, including from the extended family.
- The largest group of the traffickers (34%) were neighbours, while 31% were completely unknown to the survivors.
- Of the 198 cases analysed, only one trafficker from the source area was convicted. Lack of legal support to survivors and a prolonged trial give impunity to traffickers in many cases.
Centralised Technology Vertical (CTV)
- At the first national conference on cyber-crime investigation and forensics organised by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Union Minister of State Jitendra Singh said that a Centralised Technology Vertical (CTV) would be set up under the CBI.
- Centralised Technology Vertical (CTV) would be set up under the CBI at a cost of ₹99 crore to facilitate real-time information sharing with investigators across the country.
- The CTV would provide real-time support in investigation with access to data warehouses, equipped with big data analytics, data mining tools to handle complex financial crimes, like 2G scam, coal block irregularities, Ponzi schemes and capital market scams.
- The CTV would be functional by 2020. Former CBI Director Anil Sinha had mooted the proposal for CTV in 2015.
World Health Organisation (WHO)
- Member-countries of the World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region have resolved to eliminate measles and rubella by 2023.
- The resolution to eliminate measles and rubella from the region was adopted at the 72nd session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia in Delhi.
- Eliminating measles will prevent 500,000 deaths a year in the region, while eliminating rubella/ congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) would avert about 55,000 cases of rubella.
- Measles elimination and rubella control has been a regional flagship priority since 2014.
- Bhutan, North Korea, the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste have eliminated measles.
- Bangladesh, Bhutan, the Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste have controlled rubella.
- Sahitya Akademi Award-winning writer Kiran Nagarkar, passed away at the age of 77.
- Kiran Nagarkar (1942 – 2019), a noted novelist and playwright in Marathi and English was known for his novels offering biting humour and complex insights into human nature.
- Nagarkar wrote his first book Saat Sakkam Trechalis in 1974 in his mother tongue, Marathi. Its English translation (Seven Sixes are Forty Three) was published in 1980.
- His second novel, Ravan and Eddie (1994), a cult classic, cemented Nagarkar’s position as a post-colonialist Indian writer.
- His historical fiction, Cuckold (1997), for which he was awarded the 2001 Sahitya Akademi Award in English firmly established Nagarkar’s reputation. Cuckold’s protagonist is the unknown spouse of the 16th century poet-saint Meera devoted to the god Krishna.
- He was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, described as the 'highest tribute Germany can pay to individuals'.
Eat Right India Movement
- Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan launched the “Eat Right India Movement” of Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) with its new logo and tagline ‘Sahi Bhojan. Behtar Jeevan.’
- The Eat Right India Movement is a year-long social and mass media campaign of Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). It is the new healthy eating approach which places citizens at the centre of a Health Revolution through food and fitness.
- The FSSAI has put in place robust regulatory measures under three major pillars: Eat Safe, Eat Health and Eat Sustainably for the programme.
- FSSAI has prescribed a limit for Total Polar Compounds (TPC) at 25% in cooking oil to avoid the harmful effects of reused cooking oil.
- As part of 'Eat Right India' campaign, FSSAI has trained about 1.7 lakh food safety supervisors for capacity building under the Food Safety Training and Certification (FoSTaC) initiative. They will sensitise people and food vendors on food safety.
- This movement is aligned with the government’s flagship public health programmes such as POSHAN Abhiyaan, Anemia Mukt Bharat, Ayushman Bharat Yojana and Swachh Bharat Mission as well as the ‘Fit India' Movement', recently launched by PM Modi.
Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report
- According to the recently published “Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report”, Odisha recorded the maximum incidents of lightning and Uttar Pradesh recorded maximum deaths due to lightning during April – July 2019.
- The report has been prepared by Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council (CROPC), a non-profit organisation that works closely with India Meteorological Department (IMD).
- It has been prepared by using IMD’s lightning forecasts including Nowcast, Indian Institute of Tropical Management-Pune’s lightning network data, NRSC and ISRO inputs.
- This is for the first time, a report has mapped lightning strikes across the country, and the lives they have claimed. The report is part of an effort to create a database that can help develop an early warning system for lightning, spread awareness, and prevent deaths.
- During Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Vladivostok, Russia , an MoU was signed to open a full-fledged maritime route between Russia’s eastern port city and Chennai on India’s eastern seaboard.
- Located on the Golden Horn Bay north of North Korea and a short distance from Russia’s border with China, Vladivostok is the largest port on Russia’s Pacific coast, and home to the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy.
- At Vladivostok’s massive port, shipping and commercial fishing are the main commercial activities.
Sea Route from Chennai to Vladivostok:
- An ocean liner travelling from Vladivostok to Chennai would sail southward on the Sea of Japan past the Korean peninsula, Taiwan and the Philippines in the South China Sea, past Singapore and through the Strait of Malacca, to emerge into the Bay of Bengal and then cut across through the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago to Chennai.
- This sea route covers a distance of approximately 5,600 nautical miles, or about 10,300 km. A large container ship travelling at the normal cruising speed of 20-25 knots, or 37-46 km/hour, should be able to cover the distance in 10-12 days.
Significance of this route for India:
- It will ensures connectivity between the two major ports which will give impetus to the cooperation between India and the Russian Far East.
- India is building nuclear power plants with Russia’s collaboration in Kudankulam on the sea coast in Tamil Nadu’s Tirunelveli district. The opening of a sea route will help in the project.
- It will also increase India’s presence in the Indo-Pacific, and especially the South China Sea, a deeply contested patch of the ocean that Beijing considers its stomping ground.
- Sri Lankan Navy is sending two ships to India to participate in the SLINEX 2019, the seventh edition of SLINEX.
- SLINEX 2019 is a bi-lateral maritime fleet exercise between Navies of India and Sri Lanka.
- The week-long SLINEX 2019 exercise will commence on September 7, 2019. The exercise features wide-ranging naval exercises including helicopter operations.
- Since 2005, six successful SLINEX series of maritime exercises have been conducted. This has helped the two Navies in understanding each other's procedures and contributes towards maritime security in the region.
Make in India’ metro coach
- PM Modi launched Mumbai’s first ‘Make in India’ metro coach, manufactured by the state-run BEML. The indigenous coach, the first of 500 to be delivered to the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation, was built by BEML at its Bengaluru facility in 75 days.
- BEML Limited (formerly Bharat Earth Movers Limited) was established in 1964.
- It is a ‘Miniratna-Category-1’ Public Sector Undertaking of Government of India.
- It manufactures a variety of heavy equipment, such as that used for earth moving, transport and mining. The Company operates under three major Business verticals viz., Mining & Construction, Defence and Rail & Metro.
- It is headquartered in Bengaluru. BEML has manufacturing plants in Kolar Gold Fields, Bengaluru, Palakkad and Mysore.
Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB)
- The Union Minister of Women and Child Development honoured districts and states which have improved Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) by successfully implementing the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.
- Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh received honours for improving Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB). Ten districts selected for improvement in SRB were also felicitated during the programme.
- On this occasion, Union Minister of WCD, Smriti Zubin Irani, made special mention of Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh which has registered a sharp improvement in SRB from 807 in 2014-15 to 1039 in 2018-19.
- She also highlighted that the SRB at the national level has also improved by 13 points from 918 in 2014-15 to 931 in 2018-19.
Indus Valley Civilisation
- A new study argues that Harappan settlers have independent origin and not descended from Eurasian farmers, thus throwing fresh light on the Indus Valley Civilisation.
- The researchers had successfully sequenced the first genome of an individual from Harappa and combined it with archaeological data. They studied DNA from skeletal remains excavated from the Harappan cemetery at Rakhigarhi.
- The Rakhigarhi study was reported in a paper titled “An Ancient Harappan Genome Lacks Ancestry from Steppe Pastoralists or Iranian farmers” in the journal ‘Cell’.
Key findings of the study:
- Hunter-gatherers of South Asia had an independent origin. The same hunter-gatherer communities developed into agricultural communities and formed the Harappan civilisation.
- The genome of an individual from Harappa do not contain genome from either the Steppe region or ancient Iranian farmers. The genetic continuity from hunter gatherer to modern times is visible in the DNA results.
- Thus, the theory of the Harappans having Steppe pastoral or ancient Iranian farmer ancestry thus stands refuted. The finding also negates the hypothesis about mass migration during Harappan times from outside South Asia.